Consciousness and Biology


  1. Marc Bekoff (2003). Considering animals–not higher primates.
  2. Jesse M. Bering, Todd K. Shackelford (2004). The causal role of consciousness: A conceptual addendum to human evolutionary psychology.
  3. Manuel Bremer . Animal consciousness as a test case of cognitive science.
  4. Derek Browne (2004). Do dolphins know their own minds?
  5. Peter Carruthers (2004). Suffering without subjectivity.
  6. Peter Carruthers (2005). Why the question of animal consciousness might not matter very much.
  7. Peter Carruthers (2007). Meta-cognition in animals: A skeptical look.
  8. Nicholas Shea Æ Cecilia Heyes . Metamemory as evidence of animal consciousness: The type that does the trick.
  9. Nicholas Humphrey (2006). Consciousness: The Achilles heel of darwinism? Thank God, not quite.
  10. Christophe Menant (2006). Evolution of representations and intersubjectivity as sources of the self. An introduction to the nature of self-consciousness (2006).
  11. Christophe Menant (2006). Evolution of representations. From basic life to self-representation and self-consciousness (2006).
  12. Christophe Menant . Proposal for an approach to artificial consciousness based on self-consciousness.
  13. Shaun Nichols, Todd A. Grantham (2000). Adaptive complexity and phenomenal consciousness.
  14. Thomas W. Polger, Owen J. Flanagan . Explaining the evolution of consciousness: The other hard problem.
  15. J. D. Rose (2002). The neurobehavioral nature of fishes and the question of awareness and pain.
  16. Rodrick Wallace . New mathematical foundations for AI and alife: Are the necessary conditions for animal consciousness sufficient for the design of intelligent machines?